Muscle tone is the tension present in the muscles of the body, which enables one to assume different postures against gravity. Sufficient muscle tone provides a base for accurate movements and is required for all motor actions of the body, e.g. walking, grasping a pencil, sitting upright, etc.
Results of poor muscle tone:
A general delay in development, especially in relation to gross and fine motor skills
Slow working speed
Inability to sit quietly to concentrate for a required period of time
Hyperactive behaviour – moves around a lot in an attempt to build up the tone in the muscles
Often appears tense with frequent headaches and tiredness
The body will increase the size of superficial muscles in an effort to provide more support
Low Muscle Tone:
Refers to a child’s ability to reach across the imaginary line down the centre of the body with the arms and legs.