These age requirements are based on ocupational therapist standards.

Age requirements for a

 5 year old


Colour observation:

1.  Matches and points out all colours on request.

2. Names at least 5-6 colours.

3.  Aware of shades like light and dark.

Body awareness:

1.  Can point to all body parts on request.

2.  Names body parts like eye, nose, ears, mouth, etc.

3.  Can identify someone else's body parts.

4. Begins to point out different joints.

5.  Knows all the functions of the body.

Foreground-background discrimination:

1.  Focuses on a specific item.

2.  Finds well hidden objects.

Shape perception:

1.  Points out and names at least 8 shapes, irrespective of size or position e.g. square, rectangel, circle, oval, diamond,      half moon, cross and star.

2.  Can distinguish between square and rectangle, diamond and kite.

Visual discrimination:

1.  Can identify small differences between similar objects or pictures.

2.  Can play "snap".

3.  Can find a hidden object in a picture.

Visual analysis, synthesis and visual closure:

1.  Can complete a 20 - 50 piece puzzle.

2.  Understands that 2 half circles make one whole circle and 4 quarters make a square.


1.  Draws logical conclusions and discuss these.

2.  Understands the relation between question and answer.

3.  Can group items based on similarities e.g. colour, shape, etc.

4.  Can solve problems.

5.  Works systematically.


Visual memory:

1.  Remembers and recalls 5 objects.

Visual sequence:

1.Remembers and names 5 known objects in a specific sequence.

Visual pattern sequence:

1.  Recognises and repeats a pattern with 5 objects.

Sequence of events:

1.  Can remember and execurte 3 complex instructions in sequence.


1.  Counts to 20.

2.  Counts 10 objects.

3.  Can do easy adding and subtracting sums to 5.

4.  Recognises numbers 1 - 5.

5.  Understands concepts such as amount, size, length, relation, sequence, etc.


1.  Creates by using available materials.

2.  Imaginative conversation.

3.  Uses more detail when creating something.


Language skill:

1.  Can tell a story when looking at a series of pictures.

2.  Can repeat a story told by someone else.

3.  Asks and answers relevant questions directly.

4.  Uses 5 - 6 word sentences.

5.  Uses conjunctions like "but, and".

6.  Understands possessive form e.g. "the man's dog".

7.  Can have a telephone conversation.

8.  Uses "please" and "thank you" appropriately.


Eye-hand coordination:

1.  Skilled in using the mouse - uses mostly finger movements to move the mouse thus keeping shoulder and elbow joint        as well as wrist relatively still.

2.  Can cross middle line.

3.  He can touch thumb with each of the other fingers individually, within 8 seconds.

4.  Hand, eye and foot dominance should be fixed at this stage.

Spatial relations:

1.  Can follow instructions to place an object in relation to another e.g. next to, on top, inside, etc.

2.  Can copy simple patterns of 6 or less blocks.


1.  Realises that his body consists of two halves - left and right side, but still gets confused.

2.  Begins to identify dominant hand.


Evaluation of emotional skills and task orientation to a greater or lesser extent applicable to each age group.


1.  Unable to wait turn to attend class.

2.  Positive attitude regarding learning situation.

3.  Eager to learn.

State of mind:

1.  Cheerful.

2.  Spontaneous.

3.  Excited.

Daring attitude:

1.  Confident.

2.  Able tot work independently.

3.  Prepared to take on and complete unknown tasks.



1.  Concentrates irrespective of external factors.

2.  Can concentrate for entire duration of lesson.

3.  Observes well and follows instructions.

Completion of tasks:

1.  Completes task irrespective of difficulty.

2.  Works methodically and systematically.

3.  Maintains good working tempo.

Independent work:

1.  Carries out instructions without continual assistance.

2.  Thinks about matters and makes decision.

3.  Can think creatively.


1.  Determined.

2.  Displays courage.

3.  Perseveres in spite of difficult work.



1.  Mouse.

2.  Keyboard.

3.  Equipment.

4.  Tablet.

Meaning and naming of:

1.  Screen.

2.  Keyboard.

3.  Mouse.

4.  Enter.

5.  Space bar

6.  Direction keys.

7.  "Drag"

8. " JustClick"

9.  Laptop.

10. Tablet.